Mohammed Yasser Abdel Rahman Abdel Raouf Arafat al-Qudwa al-Husseini, known as Yasser Arafat or by his kunya Abu Ammar
- was born in Cairo, Egypt (24 August 1929)
- Died in the Percy military hospital in Clamart, a suburb of Paris (11 November 2004).
- President of the Palestinian National Authority (PNA) from 1994 to 2004.
- Chairman of the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) from 1969 to 2004.
- Founder and Leader of the Fatah party, from 1959 until 2004.
Summary of political history of Yasser Arafat:
- The first foreign guest of the Islamic Revolution of Iran.
- Supporting Saddam in attacking Iran and Kuwait.
- Announcing establishment of the state of Palestine and recognition of "Israel" in 1988.
- Signing the Oslo Accords, 1993.
- Receiving the Nobel Peace Prize jointly with Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin.
- Signing Camp David 2 with Yitzhak Robin in the United States.
After brave sacrifices and struggles in the early years, resistance groups were gradually pulled to the path of unsuccessful negotiations with the occupier and its supporters. They abandoned the route that could have led to the realization of the Palestinian dream. Negotiations with the United States and other western governments, and also negotiations with useless international groups, were bitter, unsuccessful experiences for Palestine. Holding out an olive branch at the United Nations General Assembly had no result other than the injurious Oslo Accords, and it led to the eye-opening fate of Yasser Arafat.